UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-K 

 

 

 

xANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended July 31, 2014

 

OR

 

¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                      to                     

 

Commission file number: 000-51753

 

LIGHTLAKE THERAPEUTICS INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   46-4744124
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
96-98 Baker Street, First Floor, London, England   W1U 6TJ
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number:

44 (0) 203 617 8739

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ¨    No  þ

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  ¨    No  þ

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  ¨   No  þ

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained herein, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨ Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer  ¨ Smaller reporting company  þ

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  ¨    No  þ

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common stock was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, January 31, 2014, was $9,759,032.

 

As of October 23, 2014, the registrant had 179,608,675 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

 

 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
PART I  
Item 1. Description of Business 3
Item 1A. Risk Factors 7
Item 2. Description of Property 8
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 8
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Securities Holders 8
     
PART II  
Item 5. Market for Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters 9
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 11
Item 8. Financial Statements 14
Item 9. Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Financial Disclosure 35
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 35
     
PART III  
Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers 36
Item 11. Executive Compensation 39
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management 41
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions 42
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services 42
     
PART IV  
Item 15. Exhibits 43
     
SIGNATURES 44

 

2
 

 

 CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

  

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Report”) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements discuss matters that are not historical facts. Because they discuss future events or conditions, forward-looking statements may include words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “may,” “seek,” “plan,” “might,” “will,” “expect,” “predict,” “project,” “forecast,” “potential,” “continue” negatives thereof or similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are found at various places throughout this Report and include information concerning possible or assumed future results of our operations; business strategies; future cash flows; financing plans; plans and objectives of management; any other statements regarding future operations, future cash needs, business plans and future financial results, and any other statements that are not historical facts.

 

From time to time, forward-looking statements also are included in our other periodic reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K, in our press releases, in our presentations, on our website and in other materials released to the public.  Any or all of the forward-looking statements included in this Report and in any other reports or public statements made by us are not guarantees of future performance and may turn out to be inaccurate. These forward-looking statements represent our intentions, plans, expectations, assumptions and beliefs about future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors.  Many of those factors are outside of our control and could cause actual results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by those forward-looking statements. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the events described in the forward-looking statements might not occur or might occur to a different extent or at a different time than we have described. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Report. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements concerning other matters addressed in this Report and attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this Report.

 

Except to the extent required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, a change in events, conditions, circumstances or assumptions underlying such statements, or otherwise.

 

For discussion of factors that we believe could cause our actual results to differ materially from expected and historical results see “Item 1A — Risk Factors” below.

PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

 

Our Company

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc. (“Lightlake” or the “Company”) is an early stage biopharmaceutical company using the Company’s expertise in opioid antagonists to develop innovative treatments for common addictions and related disorders.  The Company was incorporated in the State of Nevada on June 21, 2005, as Madrona Ventures, Inc. and on September 16, 2009, the Company changed its name to Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.  The Company’s fiscal year end is July 31 and the Company is a Development Stage Company.  The Company’s strategy is to develop treatments to addictions and related disorders based on the Company’s expertise using opioid antagonists. The Company currently is developing a treatment for reversing opioid overdoses in collaboration with the National Institute on Drug Abuse (“NIDA”), part of the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”). The Company also is developing a new approach for the treatment of overweight and obese patients with Binge Eating Disorder.

 

Currently, Lightlake is focused on developing: (i) a treatment to reverse opioid overdoses, (ii) a treatment for overweight and obese patients with Binge Eating Disorder, which is thought to be the most common eating disorder in the United States today, and (iii) a treatment for patients with Bulimia Nervosa, which is a condition estimated to be affecting five million people in the United States at this time.

 

To date, Lightlake has carried out operations to utilize the patent and patent applications, including European Patent EP1681057B1 and US Patent Application 11/031,534, which were acquired on August 24, 2009 from Dr. David Sinclair. The Company was informed on October 15, 2010, that the US Patent application was approved. These patents are related to a method for treating eating disorders by repeatedly administering naloxone in a dosage sufficient to block the effects of opiate agonists to a subject suffering from an eating disorder caused by one or more related problem responses (the “Sinclair Method”). The Sinclair Method was developed by Dr. David Sinclair and originally intended for the treatment of alcohol dependency. In 1990, Dr. Sinclair discovered that the opioid antagonist naltrexone, when used correctly in the presence of drinking alcohol, resulted in a 78% success rate, with patients abstaining from alcohol or consuming it at safe levels. H. Lundbeck A/S’s Selincro (nalmefene), was recently approved in Europe, and the treatment regimen is based on Dr. Sinclair’s work.

 

In 1989, Dr. Sinclair patented his "Method for Treating Alcohol Drinking Responses,” also known as the “Sinclair Method,” and in 1994, the FDA approved the use of naltrexone as a treatment for alcohol dependency. Since then, this form of treatment has been used by medical practices around the globe as an effective treatment for alcoholism. As stated above, the Company continues to explore various medical applications of this method. The Company aims to broaden its product pipeline, and anticipates commencing further trials based on its existing, as well as potential patents that relate to the use of opioid antagonists.

 

3
 

 

Principal Products or Services and Markets

 

Opioid Overdose Reversal

 

Naloxone is a medicine currently available through injection that can rapidly reverse the overdose of prescription and illicit opioids. Lightlake’s new intranasal delivery system of naloxone could widely expand its availability and use in preventing opioid overdose deaths.

 

On April 24, 2013, Lightlake announced that it had signed a collaboration agreement with the Division of Pharmacotherapies and Medical Consequences of Drug Abuse (“DPMCDA”) of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (“NIDA”), part of the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”), to co-develop a treatment for the reversal of opioid overdoses. Under the terms of the agreement, the DPMCDA of NIDA agreed to sponsor a Phase I clinical study designed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic properties of the Company’s product candidate in 14 healthy volunteer subjects. Assuming successful completion of this study, NIDA planned to file an investigational new drug application (“IND”) for a final larger study. The goal of the collaboration has been to establish a clinical development plan and regulatory pathway that would potentially result in FDA approval and commercialization of a new pharmaceutical treatment that effectively reverses opioid overdoses.

 

With respect to Lightlake’s potential treatment for reversing opioid overdoses, on April 16, 2013 and May 30, 2013, the Company entered into agreements and subsequently received funding from one investor in the amounts of $600,000 and $150,000, respectively, for the research, development, marketing and commercialization of the Company’s aforementioned treatment. In exchange for these investments, the Company agreed to provide the investor with 6.0% and 1.5%, respectively, interests in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. The investor also has rights with respect to its 6.0% and 1.5% interests if the treatment is sold or the Company is sold. If the product is not introduced to the market and not approved for marketing within 24 months of the dates of investment, the investor will have a 60 day option to receive 7,500,000 and 1,875,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 6.0% and 1.5% interests in the product, respectively.

 

On July 17, 2013, Lightlake entered into a three year consulting agreement for consulting and advisory services related to the development of the Company’s potential treatment for opioid addiction. In exchange for these services, the Company has agreed to provide the consultant with a 5.0% interest in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. The consultant also has rights with respect to its 5.0% interest if the treatment is sold or the Company is sold. If the product is not introduced to the market and not approved for marketing within 24 months the consultant will have a 60 day option to receive 6,250,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 5.0% interest in the product.

 

On September 23, 2013, Lightlake commenced a two-week patient trial for the treatment to reverse opioid overdoses in collaboration with NIDA. This study was designed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic properties of the Company's intranasal naloxone application for the novel intranasal naloxone application.

 

On December 3, 2013, Lightlake announced that the initial findings of its clinical trial with NIDA supported the Company’s intranasal delivery of naloxone as a promising innovative treatment for reversing opioid overdoses. Initial data from the study showed that the Company’s naloxone nasal spray potentially can be delivered into the blood stream at least as quickly as the injection process currently used by hospitals, first responders, and others treating opioid overdoses.

 

On March 14, 2014, Lightlake filed US Provisional Application No. 61/953,379. This application addresses delivery devices and methods of treating opioid overdoses through the administration of intranasal naloxone.

 

On May 15, 2014, Lightlake entered into an agreement and subsequently received funding from an individual investor in the amount of $300,000 for use by the Company for any purpose. In exchange for this funding, the Company agreed to provide the investor with a 1.5% interest in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. The investor also has rights with respect to its 1.5% interest if the treatment is sold or the Company is sold. If the product is not introduced to the market and not approved for marketing within 24 months the investor will have a 60 day option to receive 3,750,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 1.5% interest in the product.

 

On July 9, 2014, Lightlake announced that it signed an agreement with a commercial contract manufacturer to commence production of its naloxone-based opioid overdose reversal treatment. The Company expected that this manufacturer would be able to provide sufficient manufacturing capacity at cGMP production facilities to enable commercialization of the Company’s treatment on a global scale.

 

4
 

 

On July 9, 2014, Lightlake filed US Provisional Application No. 62/022,268 with respect to the Company’s treating opioid overdoses through the administration of intranasal naloxone.

 

On July 22, 2014, Lightlake received a $3,000,000 commitment, from which the Company has the right to make capital calls, from a foundation for the research, development, marketing, commercialization, and any other activities connected to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses, certain operating expenses, and any other purpose consistent with the goals of the foundation. In exchange for funds invested by the foundation the Company agreed to provide the foundation with pro-rata share up to a 6.0% interest in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. The foundation also has rights with respect to its up to 6.0% interest if the treatment is sold or the Company is sold. Additionally, the Company may buyback interests from the foundation within two and one half years or after two and a half years of the initial investment at a price of two times or three and a half times, respectively, the relevant investment amount represented by the interests to be bought back. If the product is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or an equivalent body in Europe for marketing and is not actually marketed within 24 months the foundation will have a 60 day option to receive shares of the Company’s common stock at a rate of 10 shares for every dollar of its investment. On July 28, 2014 the Company received an initial investment of $111,470 from the foundation in exchange for a 0.22294% interest.

 

On July 23, 2014, Lightlake announced that it filed an IND with respect to its naloxone-based opioid overdose reversal nasal spray. The Company also announced that it received an additional commitment from NIDA to fund a second study with respect to the Company’s nasal spray.

 

Binge Eating Disorder

 

Lightlake is developing a treatment for Binge Eating Disorder derived from the “Sinclair Method.” Patients suffering from Binge Eating Disorder typically exhibit a lack of control eating foods typically high in sugar, fat, or salt, and are able to override the feeling of fullness. When these patients eat foods with high levels of sugar, salt, or fat, the opioidergic system is activated, which causes the firing of the neurons that release endorphins. The endorphins then bind to opioid receptors on other neurons and activate these opioid receptors, which reinforces addictive behavior. By blocking these opioid receptors with an opioid antagonist, the effect these endorphins have each time these foods are eaten is counteracted.

 

Lightlake considers naloxone the optimal opioid antagonist to address Binge Eating Disorder as naloxone remains in the brain for two hours, which is the duration of a typical binge. Long-lasting opioid antagonists like naltrexone and nalmefene are sufficient for treating alcoholism and drug addiction, but the short-acting opioid antagonist naloxone works to selectively remove only unhealthy eating responses. Moreover, the Company believes that its treatment is well-suited for treating Binge Eating Disorder as it is unlikely to be used in a truly chronic manner. The Company expects that patients will only administer the treatment when they have the urge to binge eat, and the Company expects that they will require less of the spray over time as they regain control of their eating habits.

 

In November 2009, Lightlake’s clinical trial team in Helsinki, Finland was granted ethical approval to begin screening subjects for the Phase II clinical trials of the opioid antagonist-based nasal spray treatment for Binge Eating Disorder.

 

On May 6, 2010, Lightlake was granted ethical approval for the Phase II trials.  A preliminary meeting with the FIMEA Regulatory Authority was held on May 7, 2010 and their requirements for approval were obtained.  Moreover, these trials were supervised under the direction of trial coordinator Professor Hannu Eero Rafael Alho, Professor of Addiction Medicine at the University of Helsinki.  Crown CRO, a Finnish research organization provided the external validation for the Phase II trial.

 

In 2011, Lightlake commenced a randomized double-blind placebo controlled Phase II trial investigating the use of naloxone intranasally as a treatment for Binge Eating Disorder. The Company randomly selected 138 patients meeting the criteria for Binge Eating Disorder from over 900 applicants, of which 298 of these applicants had gene samples analyzed, and 127 patients enrolled in the trial. Each patient was randomized to take either intranasal naloxone or a placebo nasal spray. The Company contracted the Phase II trial operations to Lightlake Sinclair of Helsinki, Finland.

 

In April 2012, Lightlake completed a Phase II clinical trial in Helsinki, Finland to investigate the use of the opioid antagonist naloxone delivered intranasally as a treatment for Binge Eating Disorder. The Company’s approach was unique, through using a single agent with known safety, delivered intranasally, in response to behavioral stimuli, and selectively addressing a subset of obese and overweight patients which was thought to represent up to 25% of this total patient cohort. The Company believed that its approach could deliver successful outcomes in a challenging area that recently encountered several failures.

 

On August 8, 2012, Lightlake announced the final data from the Phase II trial investigating the use of naloxone intranasally as a treatment for Binge Eating Disorder. Results from this study have been very encouraging, whereby patients receiving naloxone demonstrated a significant reduction over placebo in reducing bingeing. In addition, the patients receiving the naloxone nasal spray lost weight in the second half of the study and it would appear that patients with the highest BMI tended to reduce their bingeing the most.

 

5
 

 

On May 23, 2013, Lightlake presented the results of the Company’s Phase II clinical trial of its nasal spray treatment for Binge Eating Disorder at the American Psychiatric Association (“APA”) Annual Meeting in San Francisco. Binge Eating Disorder has been added to the fifth edition of the APA’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (“DSM-5”), which was launched at the APA Annual Meeting. DSM-5 is used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders in order to improve diagnoses, treatment, and research. This manual is the product of more than 10 years of effort by hundreds of international experts in all aspects of mental health. DSM-5 diagnostic criteria are concise and explicit, intended to facilitate an objective assessment of symptom presentations in a variety of clinical settings from inpatient to primary care. Binge Eating Disorder is defined in the DSM-5 chapter on Feeding and Eating Disorders as a diagnosis for individuals who experience persistent, recurrent episodes of overeating, marked by loss of control and significant clinical distress. The chapter also includes changes in the requirements for diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa, two potential additional indications for the Company’s treatment.

 

On December 17, 2013, the Company entered into an agreement and subsequently received additional funding totaling $250,000 for use by the Company for any purpose. In exchange for this funding, the Company agreed to provide the investor with a 0.5% interest in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s Binge Eating Disorder treatment. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. The investor also has rights with respect to its 0.5% interest if the treatment is sold or the Company is sold. If the product is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration within 36 months the investor will have a 60 day option to receive 3,125,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 0.5% interest in the product.

 

Lightlake now aims to collaborate with other parties to progress its drug development program for Binge Eating Disorder. The Company has identified suitable centers in the United States.

 

Bulimia Nervosa

 

Lightlake anticipates launching Phase II trials to investigate the application of the Company’s technology as a treatment for Bulimia Nervosa, and the Company is seeking funding to facilitate the launch of these trials. The Company has made arrangements with King’s College London, UK, to conduct these trials at the institution. In working with King’s College, which has an internationally renowned eating disorder unit, the Company believes that it will considerably strengthen the Company’s already distinguished research and development team. Professor Janet Treasure, head of the Eating Disorders Unit at the South London and Maudsley NHS Trust and author of several well-regarded books on eating disorders, and Professor Ulrike Schmidt, a consultant psychiatrist for the Eating Disorders Service and a fellow of the Academy for Eating Disorders, would serve as tremendous guides for these Phase II trials.

 

General Information

 

Lightlake was incorporated in the State of Nevada on June 21, 2005, as Madrona Ventures, Inc. and on September 16, 2009, the Company changed its name to Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.  The Company’s fiscal year end is July 31 and the Company is a Development Stage Company.  The Company is an early stage biopharmaceutical company and the Company’s strategy is to develop treatments to addictions and related disorders based on the Company’s expertise using opioid antagonists.

 

During the fiscal year ended July 31, 2013, Lightlake carried out operations to utilize the patent and patent applications, including European Patent EP1681057B1 and US Patent Application 11/031,534, which were acquired on August 24, 2009 from Dr. David Sinclair.  The Company was informed on October 15, 2010, that the US Patent application was approved. The Company has successfully commenced and completed a Phase II Binge Eating Disorder trial. The Company also has collaborated with NIDA, part of the NIH, with respect to developing a treatment to reverse opioid overdoses.

 

On September 23, 2009, Dr. Roger Crystal became Lightlake’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and joined the Company’s board of directors.

 

On October 15, 2010, Lightlake was informed by the Examiner at the US Patent office that the Company’s US patent application, 11/031,534, was approved, and that the Company’s US patent would be granted.  On March 22, 2011, the Company’s patent was officially issued—the patent number is: 7,910,599.

 

On November 29, 2010, Lightlake announced Dr. Michael Sinclair, a seasoned healthcare executive, as the Company’s new Executive Chairman.  His experience and capability in the healthcare industry is invaluable for the Company.

 

6
 

 

On December 16, 2010, Lightlake announced it had acquired US Patent 5,587,381, entitled: “Method for Terminating Methadone Maintenance through Extinction of the Opiate-taking Responses,” using an opioid antagonist as treatment.  The patent was acquired for 7,116,667 warrants to purchase the Company’s common stock at a price of $0.25 per share.  The issuance date of these warrants was November 29, 2010 and they expire in 5 years.  The potential to expand the product pipeline into this area is important progress for the Company as the Company aims to leverage the Company’s capabilities into new therapeutic areas in the future.

 

On December 29, 2010, Lightlake announced that it had appointed Mary K. Pendergast JD, LLM, as the Company’s advisor for Regulatory and Strategic Matters.  She is President of Pendergast Consulting, a legal and regulatory consulting firm founded in 2003.  Her background consists of a distinguished pedigree in her field including serving as Deputy Commissioner and Senior Advisor at the FDA.  Her appointment is a significant addition to the team as her expertise as well as her wealth of knowledge will assist the Company in navigating through an increasingly challenging regulatory environment.

 

On April 17, 2012, Lightlake appointed Kevin A. Pollack to the Company’s board of directors.  Mr. Pollack has been an investment banker and securities attorney at Banc of America Securities and Sidley Austin (formerly Brown & Wood), respectively, and has previous asset management experience at Paragon Capital. He is a magna cum laude graduate of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and holds JD and MBA degrees from Vanderbilt University, where he graduated with Beta Gamma Sigma honors. Currently, Mr. Pollack sits on the board of directors of MagneGas Corporation and Pressure BioSciences, Inc. He also is President of Short Hills Capital LLC.

 

On November 26, 2012, Lightlake appointed Kevin A. Pollack, a board member of the Company, as Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of the Company.

 

On December 31, 2012, Lightlake appointed Geoffrey Wolf to the Company’s board of directors. Mr. Wolf resides in Switzerland. After graduating with a Business degree from Middlesex University in 1976, he spent 35 years of his career in international commerce and industry, working closely with companies dealing with minerals, pharmaceuticals, metals, mining, oil and gas, hospitality, and real estate.

 

On January 22, 2013, Lightlake appointed Brad Miles as a senior advisor to the Company. Mr. Miles has served as a Director and Senior Investment Executive at ScotiaMcLeod, the investment arm of Scotiabank and has authored two books on investing.

 

Lightlake has not attained profitable operations and is dependent upon obtaining financing. The Company anticipates that additional funding will be required in the form of debt financing and/or equity financing from the sale of the Company’s common stock and/or in the form of financing from the sale of interests in the Company’s prospective products.   However, the Company may not be able to raise sufficient funding to fund the Company’s operations.

 

Lightlake has not had a bankruptcy, receivership or similar proceeding. Lightlake has not had material reclassifications, mergers, consolidations, or purchase or sale of a significant amount of assets not in the ordinary course of business. Lightlake is required to comply with all regulations, rules and directives of governmental authorities and agencies applicable to the clinical testing and manufacturing and sale of pharmaceutical products.

 

Employees

 

As of July 31, 2014, Lightlake has three permanent employees.  In addition, the Company has numerous outside consultants that are not on the Company’s payroll.

 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

 

Lightlake has not generated any revenue and expects to incur significant operating losses for the foreseeable future.

 

Lightlake was incorporated on June 21, 2005.  The Company operates as an early stage biopharmaceutical company focusing on using the Company’s expertise in opioid antagonists to build a platform of innovative solutions to common addictions and related disorders.  The Company has not generated any revenues as of the date of this report.   The likelihood of success must be considered in light of the problems, expenses, difficulties, complications, and delays encountered in connection with the clinical trials that will be conducted and on the development of new solutions to common addictions and related disorders.  These potential problems include, but are not limited to, unanticipated problems relating to the clinical trials, changes in the regulatory and competitive landscape, and additional costs and expenses that may exceed current budget estimates for the completion of the trials.  Prior to submitting the overdose reversal treatment for FDA approval, the Company anticipates that the Company will incur increased operating expenses. Prior to completion of any Phase III clinical trials with respect to treating obesity and eating disorders, the Company anticipates that the Company will incur increased operating expenses.  The Company expects to incur significant losses into the foreseeable future. The Company recognizes that if the Company is unable to generate funding, the Company will not be able to earn profits or continue operations. There is no history upon which to base any assumption as to the likelihood that the Company will prove successful.  If the Company is unsuccessful in addressing these risks, then the Company will most likely fail.

 

7
 

 

Lightlake’s independent auditor has issued an audit opinion for the Company which includes a statement describing the company’s going concern status. The Company’s financial status creates a doubt whether the Company will continue as a going concern.

 

Based on Lightlake’s financial history since inception, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm has expressed substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company has generated no revenue to date.

 

The trading in Lightlake’s shares is regulated by Securities and Exchange Commission rule 15g-9 which established the definition of a "penny stock."

 

Lightlake’s shares are defined as a “Penny Stock” under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, and rules of the Commission. Penny stocks generally are equity securities with a price of less than $5.00 (other than securities registered on certain national securities exchanges or quoted on the NASDAQ system). Penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document that provides information about penny stocks and the risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction, and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer’s account. The broker-dealer must also make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction. These requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity, if any, in the secondary market for a security that becomes subject to the penny stock rules. The additional burdens imposed upon broker-dealers by such requirements may discourage broker-dealers from effecting transactions in the Company’s securities, which could severely limit the market price and liquidity of the Company’s securities. These requirements may restrict the ability of broker-dealers to sell the Company’s common stock and may affect your ability to resell Company’s common stock.

 

Lightlake will incur ongoing costs and expenses for SEC reporting and compliance. Without revenue the Company may not be able to remain in compliance, making it difficult for investors to sell their shares, if at all.

 

Lightlake’s shares are quoted on the OTCQB Market under the symbol “LLTP.”  To be eligible for quotation, issuers must remain current in their filings with the SEC. In order for the Company to remain in compliance the Company will require cash to cover the cost of these filings, which could comprise a substantial portion of the Company’s available cash resources.  If the Company is unable to remain in compliance it may be difficult for the Company’s shareholders to resell any shares, if at all.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

This information is not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

Item 2.  Properties.

 

Lightlake does not currently own any physical property.  The Company is currently utilizing space provided by an officer of the Company free of charge at 96-98 Baker Street, First Floor, London, England W1U 6TJ for corporate offices.  The Company believes that the current premises are sufficient for the Company’s needs at this time.

 

Lightlake currently has no investment policies as they pertain to real estate, real estate interests, or real estate mortgages.

 

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings.

 

Lightlake is currently not involved in any litigation that the Company believes could have a materially adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting the Company, the Company’s common stock, any of the Company’s subsidiaries or the Company’s or the Company’s subsidiaries’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect.

 

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

  

8
 

 

PART II

 

Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Market Information

 

Since April 2007, Lightlake’s common stock has been listed for quotation on the OTCQB under the symbol “LLTP”.

 

Price Range of Common Stock

 

The following table shows, for the periods indicated, the high and low bid prices per share of Lightlake’s common stock as reported by the OTCQB quotation service. The quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commissions, and may not represent actual transactions.

 

   High   Low 
Fiscal Year 2013          
First quarter ended October 31, 2012  $0.17   $0.11 
Second quarter ended January 31, 2013  $0.14   $0.06 
Third quarter ended April 30, 2013  $0.09   $0.04 
Fourth quarter ended July 31, 2013  $0.05   $0.02 
           
Fiscal Year 2014          
First quarter ended October 31, 2013  $0.11   $0.03 
Second quarter ended January 31, 2014  $0.07   $0.03 
Third quarter ended April 30, 2014  $0.06   $0.03 
Fourth quarter ended July 31, 2014  $0.06   $0.02 

 

Approximate Number of Equity Security Holders

 

As of October 23, 2014, there were approximately 100 stockholders of record. Because shares of Lightlake’s common stock are held by depositaries, brokers and other nominees, the number of beneficial holders of the Company’s shares is substantially larger than the number of stockholders of record.

 

Dividends

 

There are no restrictions in Lightlake’s articles of incorporation or bylaws that prevent the Company from declaring dividends.  The Nevada Revised Statutes, however, do prohibit the Company from declaring dividends where, after giving effect to the distribution of the dividend:

 

1.Lightlake would not be able to pay the Company’s debts as they become due in the usual course of business; or

 

2.Lightlake’s total assets would be less than the sum of the Company’s total liabilities plus the amount that would be needed to satisfy the rights of shareholders who have preferential rights superior to those receiving the distribution.

 

Lightlake has not declared any dividends, and the Company does not plan to declare any dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

 

Stock Options

 

On June 15, 2014, Lightlake granted its executive officers and a director cashless stock options to purchase a total of 107,500,000 shares of its common stock at exercise prices ranging from $0.05 to $0.08 per share. These options vest immediately and expire in ten years on June 14, 2024. These options may only be exercised between the following dates: (i) the first to occur of: (A) the commencement of the next trial with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; (B) the entrance into a distribution, licensing, royalty, partnership, collaboration, or other significant transaction with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; or (C) the filing of a New Drug Application with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; and (ii) the Expiration Date. The Company has valued these options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model which resulted in a fair market value of $2,580,000 which has been fully recognized as expense for the year ended July 31, 2014.

 

These shares and options were issued in reliance on the exemption under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act. These shares of Lightlake’s common stock qualified for exemption under Section 4(2) since the issuance shares by the Company did not involve a public offering. The offering was not a “public offering” as defined in Section 4(2) due to the insubstantial number of persons involved in the deal, size of the offering, manner of the offering and number of shares offered. The Company did not undertake an offering in which the Company sold a high number of shares to a high number of investors. In addition, the investors had the necessary investment intent as required by Section 4(2) since they agreed to and received share certificates bearing a legend stating that such shares are restricted pursuant to Rule 144 of the Act. This restriction ensures that these shares would not be immediately redistributed into the market and therefore not be part of a “public offering.” Based on an analysis of the above factors, the Company has met the requirements to qualify for exemption under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act for this transaction.

 

9
 

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

Lightlake does not have in effect any compensation plans under which the Company’s equity securities are authorized for issuance. 

 

Item 6.      Selected Financial Data.

 

Lightlake is not required to provide the information required by this Item because the Company is a smaller reporting company.

 

10
 

 

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion and analysis of the results of operations and financial condition for the fiscal years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013 and should be read in conjunction with Lightlake’s financial statements, and the notes to those financial statements that are included elsewhere in this Report.

 

Results of Operations

 

Revenues

 

Lightlake did not have any revenues during the years ended July 31, 2014 or 2013, and has generated no revenues since inception as the Company is devoting substantially all of its efforts on establishing the business and its planned principal operations have not commenced.  All losses accumulated since inception has been considered as part of the Company's development stage activities.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

Lightlake’s general and administrative expenses were incurred in the amounts of $10,838,760 and $8,523,902 for the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.  The difference in the year over year change of $2,314,858 was primarily due to stock based compensation issued to officers, directors and outside consultants in the amount of $9,003,582 during the year ended July 31, 2014.

 

Research and Development

 

Lightlake spent $464,609 and $282,670 during the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The Company does not anticipate any decreases in expenditures related to research and development; however, the Company’s research and development initiatives and processes are dependent on the ability of the Company to raise capital.

 

Interest Expense

 

During the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013, Lightlake’s interest expense decreased from $553,045 to $160,303. This decrease was due to the elimination of the convertible notes payable during the year ended July 31, 2014.

 

Net Loss 

 

The comparable net loss for the year ended July 31, 2014, as compared to the net loss for the year ended July 31, 2013 was $11,482,818 and $9,177,491, respectively. Included in these net losses was issuance of stock based compensation to officers, directors and outside consultants for services rendered to Lightlake in the amount of $9,003,582 in 2014 and $6,871,362 during the same period in 2013.  

 

Lightlake has not attained profitable operations and is dependent upon obtaining financing to pursue its objectives and further certain planned initiatives.  In their report on the Company’s financial statements at July 31, 2014 and July 31, 2013, the Company’s auditors raised substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Lightlake’s cash balance at July 31, 2014 was $254,770 together with $3,378,725 outstanding liabilities.  The Company’s management believes that the Company’s current cash balance will not be sufficient to fund the Company’s operations for the next twelve months. As a result, the Company will need to seek additional funding in the near future.  The Company currently does not have a specific plan of how it will obtain such funding; however, the Company anticipates that additional funding will be in the form of debt financing and/or equity financing from the sale of the Company’s common stock and/or in the form of financing from the sale of interests in the Company’s prospective products. However, during the year ended July 31, 2014, the Company received funding amounting to $661,470. Additionally, during the year ended July 31, 2014, the Company received a commitment for $3,000,000 of investment. During the year ended July 31, 2013, the Company received investments totaling $750,000.

 

At this time, Lightlake cannot provide investors with any assurance that it will be able to obtain sufficient funding from debt financing and/or the sale of its common stock and/or the sale of interests in the Company’s prospective products to meet its obligations over the next twelve months.  The Company does not have any arrangements in place for any future financing.  The Company may also seek to obtain short-term loans from its officers and directors to meet its short-term funding needs.  The Company has no material commitments for capital expenditures as of July 31, 2014.

 

11
 

 

The financial position of Lightlake at the year ended July 31, 2014 showed a decrease in assets from July 31, 2013 of $643,053 to $300,657, respectively. This was due primarily to a decrease in the Company’s cash position, which was the due to an increase in the Company’s operating expenses during the year. The liabilities at July 31, 2014 increased to $3,378,725 from $1,633,069 at July 31, 2013. This increase was partially the result of an increase in Company’s investment into its opioid addiction treatment program of $661,470 and an increase in the accrued officers’ salaries of $959,015.

 

Going Concern

 

Lightlake is a Development Stage Company.  The Company’s independent auditor has issued an audit opinion, which includes a statement expressing substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Plan Of Operation

 

During the next year, Lightlake aims to broaden the Company’s product pipeline, and anticipates commencing further trials based on the Company’s existing as well as potential patents.

 

On July 23, 2014, Lightlake announced that it filed an IND with respect to its naloxone-based opioid overdose reversal nasal spray. The Company also announced that it received an additional commitment from NIDA to fund a second study with respect to the Company’s nasal spray. The goal is to establish a clinical development plan and regulatory pathway that will potentially result in FDA approval and commercialization of this treatment.

 

Lightlake also aims to collaborate with other parties to progress the Company’s drug development program for Binge Eating Disorder. The Company has identified suitable centers in the United States.

 

Lightlake also is looking to commence Phase II trials to investigate an opioid antagonist-based treatment for Bulimia Nervosa at King’s College London, UK, as the Company is confident that it can apply the same science to develop a solution for this condition. In working with King’s College, which has an internationally renowned eating disorder unit, the Company believes that it would considerably strengthen the Company’s already distinguished research and development team.

 

At this time, Lightlake cannot provide investors with any assurance that the Company will be able to obtain sufficient funding to meet the Company’s obligations over the next twelve months. The Company anticipates that additional funding will be required in the form of debt financing and/or equity financing from the sale of the Company’s common stock and/or in the form of financing from the sale of interests in the Company’s prospective products.   The Company does not have any arrangements in place for any future funding. The Company may also seek to obtain short-term loans from the Company’s officers and directors to meet the Company’s short-term funding needs. The Company has no material commitments for capital expenditures as of July 31, 2014.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Lightlake believes that the following critical policies affect the Company’s more significant judgments and estimates used in preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Lightlake prepares its financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America. These principals require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management believes that these estimates are reasonable and have been discussed with the Company’s board of directors; however, actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Lightlake issues restricted stock to consultants for various services and employees for compensation. Cost for these transactions are measured at the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is measurable more reliably measurable. The value of the common stock is measured at the earlier of: (i) the date at which a firm commitment for performance by the counterparty to earn the equity instruments is reached or (ii) the date at which the counterparty's performance is complete.

 

Lightlake issues options and warrants to consultants, directors, and officers as compensation for services.  These options and warrants are valued using the Black-Scholes model, which focuses on the current stock price and the volatility of moves to predict the likelihood of future stock moves.  This method of valuation is typically used to accurately price stock options and warrants based on the price of the underlying stock.

 

Long-lived assets such as property, equipment and identifiable intangibles are reviewed for impairment whenever facts and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. When required impairment losses on assets to be held and used are recognized based on the fair value of the asset. The fair value is determined based on estimates of future cash flows, market value of similar assets, if available, or independent appraisals, if required. If the carrying amount of the long-lived asset is not recoverable from its undiscounted cash flows, an impairment loss is recognized for the difference between the carrying amount and fair value of the asset. When fair values are not available, the Company estimates fair value using the expected future cash flows discounted at a rate commensurate with the risk associated with the recovery of the assets. The Company did not recognize any impairment losses for any periods presented.

 

12
 

 

Fair value estimates used in preparation of the consolidated financial statements are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management. The respective carrying value of certain on-balance-sheet financial instruments approximated their fair values. These financial instruments include cash, accounts payable and due to related parties. Fair values were assumed to approximate carrying values for these financial instruments since they are short-term in nature and their carrying amounts approximate fair values or they are receivable or payable on demand. The fair value of Lightlake’s convertible note payable is estimated based upon the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rates offered to the Company for debt of the same remaining maturities.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Lightlake has no off-balance sheet arrangements as of July 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Lightlake has reviewed accounting pronouncements and interpretations thereof that have effectiveness dates during the periods reported and in future periods. The Company has carefully considered the new pronouncements that alter previous generally accepted accounting principles and does not believe that any new or modified principles will have a material impact on the Company’s reported financial position or operations in the near term.   The applicability of any standard is subject to the formal review of the Company’s financial management and certain standards are under consideration.  Those standards have been addressed in the notes to the audited financial statement and in this, the Company’s Annual Report, filed on Form 10-K for the period ended July 31, 2014.

 

Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Lightlake is not required to provide the information required by this Item because the Company is a smaller reporting company.

 

13
 

  

Item 8.  Financial Statements.

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Financial Statements

 

For the Years Ended

July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

14
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

Index to Financial Statements

July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

    Page
    Number
     
Financial Statements:    
     
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm - MaloneBailey, LLP   16 
     
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm - Messineo & Co, CPAs, LLC   17 
     
Balance Sheets as of July 31, 2014 and 2013   18
     
Statements of Operations for the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013   19
     
Statements of Stockholders' Deficit for the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013   20
     
Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended July 31, 2013 and 2014   21
     
Notes to Financial Statements   22 to 34

 

15
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors of

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying balance sheet of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc. as of July 31, 2014 and the related statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for the year then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform an audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements and assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc. as of July 31, 2014 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered losses from operations and has a working capital deficit, which raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans regarding these matters also are described in Note 2. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

  

/s/ MaloneBailey, LLP

www.malone-bailey.com

Houston, Texas

October 27, 2014, except for Note 4, which date is October 24, 2014

 

16
 

 

Messineo & Co, CPAs LLC

2471 N McMullen Booth Rd - Ste. 302

Clearwater, FL 33759-1362

T: (727) 421-6268

F: (727) 674-0511

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

To the Board of Directors of:

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying balance sheet of Lightlake Therapeutics, Inc., a development stage company, as of July 31, 2013 and the related statements of operations, stockholders' equity and cash flows for the year then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Lightlake Therapeutics, Inc. as of July 31, 2013 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company had a comprehensive net loss, negative cash flow from operating activities, and is still in the development stage. These conditions raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Messineo & Co. CPAs, LLC

Clearwater, Florida

October 23, 2013, except for Note 4 which date is October 24, 2014

  

17
 

 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Balance Sheets

As of July 31,

 

 

   2014   2013 
         
Assets          
Current assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $254,770   $598,623 
Prepaid insurance   24,079    21,250 
Total current assets   278,849    619,873 
           
Other assets          
Patents and patent applications (net of accumulated amortization of $5,642 at July 31, 2014 and $4,270 at July 31, 2013)   21,808    23,180 
           
Total assets  $300,657   $643,053 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficit          
Liabilities          
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $200,604   $40,767 
Accrued salaries and wages   1,416,651    457,636 
Due to related parties   350,000    350,000 
Convertible note payable   -    25,000 
Derivative liability   -    9,666 
Total current liabilities   1,967,255    883,069 
           
Deferred revenue   1,411,470    750,000 
Total liabilities   3,378,725    1,633,069 
           
Stockholders' deficit          
Common stock; par value $0.001; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 178,207,278 shares issued and outstanding at July 31, 2014 and 164,699,973 shares issued and outstanding at July 31, 2013   178,206    164,700 
Additional paid-in capital   43,076,939    33,695,679 
Accumulated deficit   (46,333,213)   (34,850,395)
Total stockholders' deficit   (3,078,068)   (990,016)
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit  $300,657   $643,053 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

18
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Statements of Operations

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

   For the 
   Years Ended 
   July 31, 
   2014   2013 
         
Operating expenses          
  General and administrative  $10,838,760   $8,523,902 
Research and development   464,609    282,670 
Total operating expenses   11,303,369    8,806,572 
           
Loss from operations   (11,303,369)   (8,806,572)
           
Other income (expense)          
Interest expense   (160,303)   (553,045)
Change in derivative   (27,067)   182,126 
Loss on foreign exchange   (12,730)   - 
Gain on debt settlement/forgiveness   20,651    - 
Total other income (expense)   (179,449)   (370,919)
           
Loss before provision for income taxes   (11,482,818)   (9,177,491)
           
Provision for income taxes   -    - 
           
Net loss  $(11,482,818)  $(9,177,491)
           
Loss per common share:          
Basic and diluted  $(0.07)  $(0.06)
Weighted average common shares outstanding          
Basic and diluted   174,788,102    143,243,425 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

19
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Statements of Stockholders' Deficit

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

               Deficit     
           Additional   During the     
   Common Stock   Paid In   Development     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Stage   Total 
                     
Balance at August 1, 2012   126,083,416   $126,083   $24,928,103   $(25,672,904)  $(618,718)
                          
Sales of common stock   916,666    917    54,083    -    55,000 
                          
Stock issued for services   12,265,568    12,266    925,087    -    937,353 
                          
Conversion of convertible notes payable to common stock   25,334,323    25,334    777,078    -    802,412 
                          
Issuance of common stock as deferred financing cost   100,000    100    13,400    -    13,500 
                          
Stock based compensation from issuance of stock options   -    -    3,610,362    -    3,610,362 
                          
Stock based compensation from issuance of warrants   -    -    3,261,000    -    3,261,000 
                          
Forgiveness of debt by related party   -    -    126,566    -    126,566 
                          
Net loss   -    -    -    (9,177,491)   (9,177,491)
                          
Balance at July 31, 2013   164,699,973   $164,700   $33,695,679   $(34,850,395)  $(990,016)
                          
Derivative liability   -    -    (337,413)   -    (337,413)
                          
Settlement of derivative liability   -    -    506,574    -    506,574 
                          
Conversion of convertible note to common stock   333,333    333    7,723    -    8,056 
                          
Stock issued for services   4,186,692    4,186    209,781    -    213,967 
                          
Stock issued due to exercise of warrants   8,987,280    8,987    (8,987)   -    - 
                          
Stock based compensation from issuance of stock options   -    -    8,283,582    -    8,283,582 
                          
Stock based compensation from issuance of warrants   -    -    720,000    -    720,000 
                          
Net loss   -    -    -    (11,482,818)   (11,482,818)
                          
Balance at July 31, 2014   178,207,278   $178,206   $43,076,939   $(46,333,213)  $(3,078,068)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

20
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Statements of Cash Flows

For the years ended July 31, 2013 and 2014

 

 

   For the 
   Years Ended 
   July 31, 
   2014   2013 
         
Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities          
Net loss  $(11,482,818)  $(9,177,491)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used by operating activities:          
Amortization   1,372    1,373 
Issuance of common stock for services   213,967    937,353 
Issuance of common stock as deferred financing cost   -    13,500 
Stock based compensation from issuance of options   8,283,582    3,610,362 
Stock based compensation from issuance of warrants   720,000    3,261,000 
Accreted interest on debt discounts   132,428    423,373 
Gain on debt settlement/forgiveness   (20,651)   - 
Change in derivative   27,067    (182,126)
           
Changes in assets and liabilities:          
(Increase) in prepaid insurance   (2,829)   (21,250)
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable   159,837    (14,730)
Increase in accrued salaries and wages   962,722    401,336 
Net cash used in operating activities   (1,005,323)   (747,300)
           
Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities   -    - 
           
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities          
Borrowings from related parties   -    350,000 
Borrowings on convertible notes payable   -    170,500 
Investment received in exchange for royalty agreement   661,470    750,000 
Issuance of common stock for cash   -    55,000 
Net cash provided by financing activities   661,470    1,325,500 
           
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (343,853)   578,200 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   598,623    20,423 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period  $254,770   $598,623 
           
Supplemental disclosure          
Interest paid during the period  $-   $257,754 
Taxes paid during the period  $-   $- 
           
Non-Cash Transactions          
Conversion of debt to equity  $8,056   $270,844 
Debt discounts attributable to derivative valuation  $132,428   $152,078 
Settlement of derivative liability  $506,574   $- 
Cashless exercise of warrants  $8,987   $- 
Derivative liability  $337,413   $- 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

21
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

1.Organization, Description of Business, and Basis of Accounting

 

Business Organization

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc. (formerly known as Madrona Ventures, Inc.) (the “Company”) was originally incorporated in the State of Nevada on June 21, 2005. On September 16, 2009, the Company changed its name to Lightlake Therapeutics Inc. The Company’s fiscal year end is July 31.

 

2.Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. However, the Company has incurred significant losses and is dependent on obtaining adequate capital to fund operating losses until it becomes profitable. If the Company is unable to obtain the necessary funding it could cease operations as a new enterprise. This raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. These financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from this uncertainty.

 

3.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates

The Company prepares its financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"), which require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents were $254,770 and $598,623 at July 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The Company maintains cash balances at financial institutions insured up to $250,000 by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Balances in the UK are insured up to 85,000 GBP by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (UK Equivalent). The cash balances exceeded these insured amounts during the year.

 

Long-Lived Assets

The Company follows ASC 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment, for its fixed assets. Property and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.  Depreciation is computed by the straight-line method over estimated useful lives (3 to 7 years). The Company’s capitalizes all asset purchases greater than $500 having a useful life greater than one year.

 

The Company follows ASC 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other for its intellectual property asset. Intellectual property consists of patents which are stated at their fair value acquisition cost. Amortization is calculated by the straight line method over their estimated useful lives (20 years).  

 

22
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

Long-lived assets such as property and equipment and identifiable intangibles are reviewed for impairment whenever facts and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.  When required, impairment losses on assets to be held and used are recognized based on the fair value of the asset.  The fair value is determined based on estimates of future cash flows, market value of similar assets, if available, or independent appraisals, if required.  If the carrying amount of the long-lived asset is not recoverable from its undiscounted cash flows, an impairment loss is recognized for the difference between the carrying amount and fair value of the asset.  When fair values are not available, the Company estimates fair value using the expected future cash flows discounted at a rate commensurate with the risk associated with the recovery of the assets.  The Company did not recognize any impairment losses for any years presented.

 

Earnings (Loss) per Share

The Company follows ASC 260, Earnings per Share. Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the respective period presented in the Company’s accompanying financial statements.

 

Fully diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed similar to basic income (loss) per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of common stock equivalents (primarily outstanding options and warrants).

 

Common stock equivalents represent the dilutive effect of the assumed exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants, using the treasury stock method, at either the beginning of the respective period presented or the date of issuance, whichever is later, and only if the common stock equivalents are considered dilutive based upon the Company’s net loss position at the calculation date.

 

Common stock equivalents have not been included in the calculation of dilutive earnings (loss) per share as the result would be anti-dilutive. At July 31 2014, potentially dilutive common stock equivalents are approximately 318,475,239 which consist of options and warrants.

 

Research and Development Costs

The Company follows ASC 730, Research and Development, and expenses all research and development costs as incurred for which there is no alternative future use. These costs also include the expensing of employee compensation and employee stock based compensation.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

ASC 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation” prescribes accounting and reporting standards for all share-based payment transactions in which employee services are acquired. Transactions include incurring liabilities, or issuing or offering to issue shares, options, and other equity instruments such as employee stock ownership plans and stock appreciation rights. Share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, are recognized as compensation expense in the financial statements based on their fair values. That expense is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award, known as the requisite service period (usually the vesting period).

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants in accordance with the provisions of ASC 505-50, “Equity – Based Payments to Non-Employees.”  Measurement of share-based payment transactions with non-employees is based on the fair value of whichever is more reliably measurable: (a) the goods or services received; or (b) the equity instruments issued.  The fair value of the share-based payment transaction is determined at the earlier of performance commitment date or performance completion date.  

 

23
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

The Company had stock-based compensation of $9,003,582 and $6,871,362 for the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (ASC 820) defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between (1) market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from independent sources (observable inputs) and (2) an entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available in the circumstances (unobservable inputs). The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3).

 

The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:

  

Level 1 - Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 - Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (e.g., interest rates); and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.

 

Level 3 - Inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.

 

The carrying value of certain on-balance-sheet financial instruments approximated their fair values due to the short-term nature of these instruments. These financial instruments include cash, accounts payable, and due to related parties. The fair value of the Company’s convertible note payable is estimated based on current rates that would be available for debt of similar terms which is not significantly different from its stated value.

 

As of July 31, 2014, the convertible note was converted into equity and the derivative warrants were either exchanged for common stock or no longer required derivative treatment as a result of note conversion into equity. Consequently, at July 31, 2014, derivative liabilities have a balance of zero. The derivative instruments were marked to market at settlement dates and the corresponding value of the derivative liabilities of $506,574 was credited to additional paid in capital.

 

24
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

The following table presents the derivative financial instruments, the Company’s only financial liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets on a recurring basis, and their level within the fair value hierarchy as of July 31, 2013:

 

   Amount   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Embedded conversion derivative liability  $9,666   $-   $-   $9,666 
Warrant derivative liabilities   -              - 
Total  $9,666   $-   $-   $9,666 

 

The following table provides a summary of the changes in fair value, including net transfers in and/or out, of the derivative financial instruments, measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs:

 

Balance at July 31, 2013  $9,666 
Fair value of warrant derivative liabilities at issuance   469,841 
Settlement of derivative liability   (506,574)
Unrealized derivative loss included in other expense   27,067 
Balance at July 30, 2014  $- 

 

The fair value of the derivative liabilities are calculated at inception and the Company records a derivative liability for the calculated value. Changes in the fair value of the derivative liabilities are recorded in other income (expense) in the statements of operations.

 

The derivative warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following assumptions:

 

   At settlement
dates
   July 31, 2013 
Market value of stock on measurement date   $ 0.043-$0.05   $0.0289 
Risk-free interest rate   0.77-0.96%   0.11%
Dividend yield   0%   0%
Volatility factor   169-217%   76.9%
Term   2.8-3.9 years    .0493 years 

 

Reclassification

 

Certain amounts in the prior period financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on reported losses.

 

Related Parties

The Company follows ASC 850, Related Party Disclosures, for the identification of related parties and disclosure of related party transactions.  Related party transactions for the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013 totaled $350,000, and was comprised of loans to the Company.

 

25
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under ASC 740 “Income Taxes.”  Under the asset and liability method of ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.  The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period the enactment occurs.  A valuation allowance is provided for certain deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize tax assets through future operations.  At July 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, the deferred tax asset and deferred tax liability accounts, as recorded when material to the financial statements, are entirely the result of temporary differences. Temporary differences represent differences in the recognition of assets and liabilities for tax and financial reporting purposes, primarily share based compensation and loss on settlement of debt.

 

As of July 31, 2014 and 2013, the deferred tax asset related to the Company’s net operating loss (NOL) carry-forward is fully reserved.

 

 Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

In the period ended July 31, 2014, the Company has elected to early adopt Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-10, Development Stage Entities (Topic 915): Elimination of Certain Financial Reporting Requirements. The adoption of this ASU allows the Company to remove the inception to date information and all references to development stage

 

4.Revision of Prior Period Amounts

 

In preparing the Company’s financial statements for the year ended July 31, 2013, the Company discovered and corrected errors related to the accounting of stock options issued to officers and a director in prior years which were either fully vested at the date of grant or with a vesting term ranging up to 9 years. The prior period financial statements amortized these costs over the contractual term as opposed to the vesting period. This error resulted in a misstatement in stock based compensation expense for the year ended July 31, 2013 of $2,181,461 and $1,744,009 applicable to years prior to fiscal year 2013.

 

Additionally, 72,500,000 in warrants were issued to officers on December 31, 2012 as part of their employment agreements. These warrants vested on that date and were determined to have a fair value of $3,261,000. During the year ended July 31, 2013, the Company recognized an expense related to these warrants of $920,463, respectively. Therefore, there was a net understatement in stock-based compensation expense of $2,340,537 for the year ended July 31, 2013.

 

In accordance with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin Nos. 99 and 108 (“SAB 99 and SAB 108”), the Company evaluated these errors and, based on an analysis of quantitative and qualitative factors, determined that they were immaterial to each of the reporting periods affected and, therefore, amendment of previously filed reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission was not required. However, if the adjustments to correct the cumulative effect of the aforementioned errors had been recorded in the year ended July 31, 2014, the Company believes the impact would have been significant to the current quarter and would impact comparisons to prior periods. Therefore, as permitted by SAB 108, the Company revised in the current filing previously reported results during the year ended July 31, 2013.

 

26
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

The above errors resulted to an increase in accumulated deficit and additional paid capital reported in the balance sheet as of July 31, 2013 by $6,266,007.

 

The impact of the above errors to the statement of operations for the year ended July 31, 2013 is as follows:

 

   As previously
reported
   Adjustments   As revised 
Operating expenses               
General and administrative   4,001,904    4,521,998    8,523,902 
Research and development   282,670    -    282,670 
                
Total operating expenses   4,284,574    4,521,998    8,806,572 
                
Other income (expense)               
Interest expense   (553,045)   -    (553,045)
Change in derivative   182,126    -    182,126 
                
Total other income (expense)   (370,919)   -    (370,919)
                
Loss before provision for income taxes   (4,655,493)   (4,521,998)   (9,177,491)
Provision for income taxes   -    -    - 
                
Net loss   (4,655,493)   (4,521,998)   (9,177,491)
                
Loss per common share:               
Basic and diluted  $(0.03)   -   $(0.06)
                
Weighted average common shares outstanding               
Basic and diluted   143,243,245    -    143,243,425 

 

The above errors did not impact previously reported amounts of net cash used in operating activities, investing activities and financing activities as reported in the statements of cash flows for the year ended July 31, 2013.

 

5.Related Party Transactions

 

At July 31, 2014 and 2013, the Company had loans outstanding with its three directors (two of which are officers), in the total amount of $350,000.  During December 2012, funds were advanced as per agreements dated December 18, 2012 in the total amount of  $350,000 and at an interest rate of 6.0% per annum to cover the short-term cash needs of the Company.  The agreements were amended on December 16, 2013 to extend the final maturity date to January 6, 2015 and increased the interest rate to 8.5% per annum.  In the event that at least one-third and one-ninth of the amount due plus interest is not repaid by September 30, 2014 and December 25, 2014, respectively, certain penalties will apply. The Company has evaluated the modification of the loans under FASB ASC 470-50 and determined that the modification was not substantial and therefore did not constitute a debt extinguishment.

 

27
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

6.Income Taxes

 

The Company provides for income taxes asset and liability approach in accounting for income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recorded based on the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities and the tax rates in effect when these differences are expected to reverse. This method requires the reduction of deferred tax assets by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

The Company has net operating loss (NOL) carry forwards that were derived solely from operating losses from prior years. These amounts can be carried forward to offset future taxable income for a period of 20 years for each tax year’s loss. These NOL carry forwards begin to expire in 2026. No provision was made for federal income taxes as the Company has significant net operating losses.

 

The provision for income taxes differs from the amounts which would be provided by applying the statutory federal income tax rate to the net loss before provision for income taxes for the following reasons:

 

   July 31, 2014   July 31, 2013 
         
Income tax expense at statutory rate  $(5,527,011)  $(756,082)
           
Valuation allowance   5,527,011    756,082 
           
Income tax expense per books  $             -   $                 - 

 

Net deferred tax assets consist of the following components as of:

 

   July 31, 2014   July 31, 2013 
         
Net operating loss carryover at statutory rate  $(13,969,817)  $(8,442,807)
           
Valuation allowance   13,969,817    8,442,807 
           
Net deferred tax asset  $-   $                .- 

 

The Company had no uncertain tax positions at July 31, 2014 or July 31, 2013.

 

28
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

7.Deferred Revenue

 

On April 16, 2013, the Company entered into an agreement and subsequently received funding in the amount of $600,000 for the research, development, marketing and commercialization of a product relating to a treatment for opioid addiction. In exchange for this funding, the Company agreed to pay the investor 6.0% of the net profit generated from the product in perpetuity. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. If the product is not introduced to the market and not approved for marketing within 24 months the investor will have a sixty day option to receive 7,500,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 6.0% interest in the product.

 

On May 30, 2013 entered into an agreement and subsequently received additional funding totaling $150,000 for the research, development, marketing and commercialization of a product relating to a treatment for opioid addiction. In exchange for this funding, the Company agreed to pay the investor 1.50% of the net profit generated from the product in perpetuity. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. If the product is not introduced to the market and not approved for marketing within 24 months the investor will have a sixty day option to receive 1,875,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 1.50% interest in the product.

 

On July 17, 2013, the Company entered into a three year consulting agreement for consulting and advisory services related to the development of the Company’s naloxone hydrochloride nasal spray. In exchange for these services, the Company has agreed to pay the consultant 5.0% of the net profit generated from the product in perpetuity. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. If the product is not introduced to the market and not approved for marketing within 24 months the consultant will have a sixty day option to receive 6,250,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 5.0% interest in the product.

 

On December 17, 2013, the Company entered into an agreement and subsequently received additional funding totaling $250,000 for use by the Company for any purpose. In exchange for this funding, the Company agreed to provide the investor with a 0.5% interest in the Company’s Binge Eating Disorder treatment product and pay the investor 0.5% of the net profit generated from this treatment in perpetuity. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. If the product is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration within 36 months the investor will have a sixty day option to receive 3,125,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 0.5% interest in the product.

 

On May 15, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement and subsequently received funding from an individual investor in the amount of $300,000 for use by the Company for any purpose. In exchange for this funding, the Company agreed to provide the investor with a 1.5% interest in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. The investor also has rights with respect to its 1.5% interest if the treatment is sold or the Company is sold. If the product is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration within 24 months the investor will have a 60 day option to receive 3,750,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 1.5% interest in the product.

 

29
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

On July 22, 2014, the Company received a $3,000,000 commitment, from which the Company has the right to make capital calls, from a foundation for the research, development, marketing, commercialization, and any other activities connected to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses, certain operating expenses, and any other purpose consistent with the goals of the foundation. In exchange for funds invested by the foundation the Company agreed to provide the foundation with pro-rata share up to a 6.0% interest in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. The foundation also has rights with respect to its up to 6.0% interest if the treatment is sold or the Company is sold. Additionally, the Company may buyback interests from the foundation within two and one half years or after two and a half years of the initial investment at a price of two times or three and a half times, respectively, the relevant investment amount represented by the interests to be bought back. If the product is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration within 24 months the foundation will have a 60 day option to receive shares of the Company’s common stock at a rate of 10 shares for every dollar of its investment. On July 28, 2014 the Company received an initial investment of $111,470 from the foundation in exchange for a 0.22294% interest.

 

These investments were accounted for as deferred revenue pursuant to current accounting research until such time as the product is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, at which time it will be recognized as revenue. However, if the milestone is not achieved then the investment will be recorded as additional paid-in capital upon issuance of the common stock.

 

8.Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock

 

The Company has 200,000,000 common shares authorized at a par value of $0.001. At July 31, 2014 and 2013 there were 178,207,278 and 164,699,973 shares issued and outstanding, respectively. The Company has no other classes of shares authorized for issuance.

 

On August 12, 2013, the Company issued 375,000 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued in this transaction were valued at market and amounted to $15,000.

 

On August 28, 2013, the Company issued 500,000 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued in this transaction were valued at market and amounted to $35,000.

 

On September 18, 2013, the Company issued 375,000 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued in this transaction were valued at market and amounted to $22,500.

 

On October 21, 2013, the Company issued 225,895 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued in this transaction were valued at market and amounted to $9,036.

 

On October 25, 2013, the Company issued 334,572 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued in this transaction were valued at market and amounted to $13,382.

 

On October 31, 2013, the Company issued 375,000 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued in this transaction were valued at market and amounted to $15,750.

 

In November 2013, the Company issued 1,250,000 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued were valued at market and amounted to $66,500.

 

30
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

On December 23, 2013, the Company issued 375,000 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued in this transaction were valued at market and amounted to $21,750.

 

On April 7, 2014, the Company issued 376,225 shares in exchange for services rendered. The shares issued in this transaction were valued at market and amounted to $15,049.

 

During the year ended, July 31, 2014, the Company issued 8,987,280 shares as a result of the cashless exercise of 888,452 warrants.

  

Stock Based Compensation

As required by the Stock Compensation Topic, ASC 718, the Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all share based payment awards made to the officers and directors based on estimated fair values. Stock based compensation expense recognized in the Statement of Operations for the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013 was $9,003,582 and $6,871,362, respectively.

 

On August 1, 2013, the Company granted its executive officers cashless stock options to purchase a total of 37,500,000 shares of its common stock at exercise prices ranging from $0.10 to $0.20 per share. These options vested immediately and expire in ten years on July 31, 2023. The Company has valued these options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model which resulted in a fair market value of $1,068,750 which has been fully recognized as expense for the year ended July 31, 2014.

 

On November 1, 2013, the Company granted its executive officers cashless stock options to purchase a total of 22,500,000 shares of its common stock at exercise prices ranging from $0.06 to $0.10 per share. These options vested immediately and expire in ten years on October 31, 2023. The Company has valued these options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model which resulted in a fair market value of $985,500 which has been fully recognized as expense for the year ended July 31, 2014.

 

On December 31, 2013, the Company granted its executive officers cashless stock options to purchase a total of 66,500,000 shares of its common stock at exercise prices ranging from $0.06 to $0.10 per share. These options vested immediately and expire in ten years on December 30, 2023. The Company has valued these options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model which resulted in a fair market value of $3,591,000 which has been fully recognized as expense for the year ended July 31, 2014.

 

On June 15, 2014, the Company granted its executive officers and a director cashless stock options to purchase a total of 107,500,000 shares of its common stock at exercise prices ranging from $0.05 to $0.08 per share. These options vest immediately and expire in ten years on June 14, 2024. These options may only be exercised between the following dates: (i) the first to occur of: (A) the commencement of the next trial with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; (B) the entrance into a distribution, licensing, royalty, partnership, collaboration, or other significant transaction with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; or (C) the filing of a New Drug Application with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; and (ii) the Expiration Date. The Company has valued these options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model which resulted in a fair market value of $2,580,000 which has been fully recognized as expense for the year ended July 31, 2014.

31
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

On June 24, 2014, the Company granted 3,000,000 cashless stock options to an outside consultant to purchase its common stock at an exercise price of $0.05 per share. These options vest immediately and expire in seven years on June 23, 2021. The Company has valued these options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model which resulted in a fair market value of $69,000 of which 34,500 has been recognized as expense for the year ended July 31, 2014.

 

On June 11, 2014, the Company issued a total of 24,000,000 warrants with a strike price of $0.10 per share to a consultant in exchange for consulting and other strategic advisory services, including clinical strategy and intellectual property strategy. These warrants expire in ten years on June 10, 2024. Additionally, upon the achievement of certain milestones the consultant will be granted up to an additional 22,540,000 warrants with strike prices from $0.125 to $0.25 per share.

 

The assumptions used in the valuation were as follows:

 

Market value of stock on measurement date  $0.024-0.054 
Risk-free interest rate   2.19-2.99%
Dividend yield   0%
Volatility factor   418-459%
Term   7-10 years 

 

Stock option activity for year ended July 31, 2014 is presented in the table below:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted-
average
Exercise
Price
   Weighted-
average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (years)
   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding at July 31, 2013   76,250,000   $0.18    5.56   $- 
Granted   237,000,000   $0.09    9.53   $- 
Forfeited/expired/cancelled   (8,500,000)  $0.67    -   $- 
Outstanding at July 31, 2014   304,750,000   $0.09    8.56   $444,000 
Exercisable at July 31,2014   158,000,000   $0.10    8.52   $12,000 

 

Warrants

 

Warrant activity for year ended July 31, 2014 is presented in the table below:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted-
average
Exercise
Price
   Weighted-
average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (years)
   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
Outstanding at July 31, 2013   102,363,691   $0.22    3.02   $- 
Granted   24,000,000   $0.10    9.86   $- 
Exercised   (888,452)  $0.50    -   $- 
Outstanding at July 31,  2014   125,475,239   $0.20    4.33   $- 
Exercisable at April 30, 2014   52,975,239   $0.27    4.33   $- 

 

32
 

 

Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

 

9.Settlement of Convertible Note Payable

 

On January 23, 2014 the Company entered into a settlement of a convertible note payable in the amount of $25,000 and accrued interest of $3,707 thru the issuance of 333,333 shares of common stock. This transaction resulted in a gain on the extinguishment of the debt in the amount of $20,651.

 

10.Commitments

 

On July 17, 2013, the Company entered into a three year consulting agreement for consulting and advisory services related to the development of the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. In exchange for these services, the Company has agreed to pay the consultant 5.0% of the net profit generated from the product as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. If the product is not introduced to the market and not approved for marketing within 24 months the consultant will have a sixty day option to receive 6,250,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 5.0% interest in the product.

 

11.Subsequent Events

 

On August 2, 2014, the Company granted 3,000,000 stock options with an exercise price of $0.1 per share to Phax Limited for consulting services. These options have a term of 5 years and vested immediately.

 

On August 13 and September 8, 2014 the Company made capital calls of $422,344 and $444,530, respectively, from the aforementioned foundation (see Note 7) in exchange for a 0.844687% and 0.888906% interest in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses.

 

On September 9, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement and subsequently received funding from an individual investor in the amount of $500,000 for use by the Company for any purpose. In exchange for this funding, the Company agreed to provide the investor with a 0.98% interest in the Net Profit as related to the Company’s treatment to reverse opioid overdoses. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. The investor also has rights with respect to its 0.98% interest if the treatment is sold or the Company is sold. Additionally, the Company may buyback interests from the investor within two and one half years or after two and a half years of the investment at a price of two times or three and a half times, respectively, the relevant investment amount represented by the interests to be bought back. If the product is not introduced to the market and not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or an equivalent body in Europe and not marketed within 24 months the investor will have a 60 day option to receive 5,000,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the interest in the product.

 

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Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.

 

Notes to Financial Statements

For the years ended July 31, 2014 and 2013

 

 

On September 17, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement and subsequently received additional funding totaling $500,000 for use by the Company for any purpose. In exchange for this funding, the Company agreed to provide the investor with a 1.0% interest in the Company’s Binge Eating Disorder treatment product and pay the investor 1.0% of the net profit generated from this treatment in perpetuity. Net profit is defined as the pre-tax profit generated from the product after the deduction of all expenses incurred by and payments made by the Company in connection with the product, including but not limited to an allocation of Company overhead. If the product is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration within 36 months the investor will have a sixty day option to receive 6,250,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the 1.0% interest in the product.

 

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Item 9.  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

On August 29, 2011, Lightlake’s auditor PS Stephenson & Co., P.C. declined to stand for re-election, due to changes within their firm, firm direction, and scheduling, and the distance of the Company in regard to their office location. There were no disagreements between PS Stephenson & Co., P.C. and the Company on a matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure, or auditing scope or procedure.   On October 11, 2011, Peter Messineo, CPA (“PM”) was appointed as the Company’s new auditor.

 

In December 2012, PM merged into the firm known as DKM Certified Public Accountants of Clearwater, Florida (“DKM”). PM audited Lightlake’s financial statements for the year ended July 31, 2012. In April 2013, the agreement of DKM and PM was terminated. The successor firm, Messineo & Co, CPAs, LLC, is a continuation of the audit firm DKM.

 

On October 30, 2013, Lightlake dismissed Messineo & Co., CPAs, LLC, as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm. There were no disagreements between Messineo & Co., CPAs, LLC and the Company on a matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure, or auditing scope or procedure. On the same date, the Company’s board of directors appointed Malone Bailey, LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm.

 

Item 9A.  Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of Lightlake’s management, including the Company’s principal executive officer and the principal financial officer, the Company has conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as of the end of the period covered by this report.  Based on this evaluation, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded as of the evaluation date that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to material weaknesses indicated below.

 

Management's Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Lightlake’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act, for the Company.

 

Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of Lightlake’s assets; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that the Company’s receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of the Company’s management and directors; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Lightlake’s management recognizes that there are inherent limitations in the effectiveness of any system of internal control, and accordingly, even effective internal control can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and may not prevent or detect material misstatements.  In addition, effective internal control at a point in time may become ineffective in future periods because of changes in conditions or due to deterioration in the degree of compliance with the Company’s established policies and procedures.

 

A material weakness is a significant deficiency, or combination of significant deficiencies, that results in there being a more than remote likelihood that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected.

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of Lightlake’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, as of the evaluation date, based on the framework set forth in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).  Based on its evaluation under this framework, management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of July 31, 2014.

 

Lightlake’s management assessed the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of July 31, 2014 and identified the following material weaknesses:

 

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a)Lack of audit committee and one outside director on the Company’s board of directors. Lightlake does not have a functioning audit committee and the Company has one outside director on the Company’s board of directors, resulting in ineffective oversight in the establishment and monitoring of required internal controls and procedures.
b)Lack of proper segregation of duties due to limited personnel.

  c) Lack of a formal review process related to financial reporting that includes multiple levels of review.

 

Lightlake’s management is committed to improving the Company’s internal controls and will (1) continue to use third party specialists to address shortfalls in staffing and to assist the Company with accounting and finance responsibilities, (2) increase the frequency of independent reconciliations of significant accounts which will mitigate the lack of segregation of duties until there are sufficient personnel, and (3) may consider appointing outside directors and audit committee members in the future.

 

Lightlake’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, have discussed the material weakness noted above with the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm.  Due to the nature of this material weakness, there is a more than remote likelihood that misstatements which could be material to the annual or interim financial statements could occur that would not be prevented or detected.

 

This Annual Report does not include an attestation report of Lightlake’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting.  Management's report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only management's report in this annual report.

 

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

There were no significant changes in Lightlake’s internal controls or in other factors that could significantly affect these controls subsequent to the evaluation date.

 

Item 9B.    Other Information.

 

Reference is made to the disclosure set forth under the caption Sales of Unregistered Securities in Item 5 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is incorporated by reference herein. 

 

PART III

 

Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

Lightlake’s directors, executive officers, and key employees are listed below. The number of directors is determined by the Company’s board of directors. All of the Company’s directors hold office until the next annual meeting of the board or until their successors have been duly elected and qualified. The Company’s officers are elected by the Company’s board of directors and their terms of office are, except to the extent governed by employment contract, at the discretion of the Company’s board of directors.

 

NAME   AGE   POSITION
         
Dr. Michael Sinclair   71   Executive Chairman, Chairman of the Board
Dr. Roger Crystal   38   Chief Executive Officer, President, Director
Kevin Pollack   44   Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer, Secretary, Director
Geoffrey Wolf   61   Director

 

Set forth below is a brief description of the background and business experience of Lightlake’s executive officers and directors for the past five years.

 

Dr. Michael Sinclair has been the Executive Chairman and Director of Lightlake since November 29, 2010. Dr. Sinclair qualified as a physician in 1967, specializing in psychiatry. He has built both private and public healthcare businesses, establishing medical facilities and hospitals in the US, Middle East, East Asia, Australia and UK, including the Portland in London, which was his personal vision to launch the first private hospital in Britain dedicated to treating women and children. He serves on the Board of Overseers (Emeritus) of Tufts University Medical School, where, together with Dean Mort Madoff, he founded the US’ first combined MD/MBA program. Dr. Sinclair has been the Chairman of Symthera Inc., Advanced Oncotherapy Plc., and Emess Biosciences Ltd. 

 

Dr. Sinclair’s qualifications to serve on Lightlake’s board of directors include his medical and management experience.

 

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Dr. Roger Crystal has been Chief Executive Officer and Director of Lightlake since September 23, 2009. He has an extensive background in healthcare, having worked as a surgeon in London’s leading hospitals, before transitioning into business. He has experience working in strategy healthcare consulting, serving across several functions in the UK National Health Service and with global pharmaceutical clients. He also has worked in business development with GE Healthcare since October 2010. In addition to his medical degree, he was awarded membership in The Royal College of Surgeons of England and holds an MBA from London Business School. He also has M&A experience at GE Capital and Goldman Sachs. He remains a UK board certified physician.

 

Dr. Crystal’s qualifications to serve on Lightlake’s board of directors include his knowledge of the healthcare industry.

 

Kevin Pollack has been Chief Financial Officer and Director of Lightlake since November 26, 2012 and April 17, 2012, respectively. Mr. Pollack has served as a director and audit committee member of MagneGas Corporation (NASDAQ:MNGA), the developer of a technology that converts liquid waste into a hydrogen-based metal working fuel and natural gas alternative, since June 21, 2012. Additionally, Mr. Pollack has served as a director and chair of the audit committee of Pressure Biosciences, Inc. (OTCQB: PBIO), a life sciences company involved in pressure cycling technology, since July 3, 2012. Mr. Pollack serves as President of Short Hills Capital LLC, where he provides a range of advisory services to investors, asset management firms, institutions and companies. Previously, Mr. Pollack worked in asset management at Paragon Capital, focusing primarily on United States-listed companies, and as an investment banker at Banc of America Securities LLC, focusing on corporate finance and mergers and acquisitions. Mr. Pollack started his career at Sidley Austin LLP (formerly Brown & Wood LLP) as a securities attorney focusing on corporate finance and on mergers and acquisitions. Mr. Pollack graduated magna cum laude from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and received a dual JD/MBA from Vanderbilt University, where he graduated with Beta Gamma Sigma honors.

 

Mr. Pollack’s qualifications to serve on Lightlake’s board of directors include his financial and management experience, including his experience with other public companies.

 

Geoffrey Wolf has been a Director of Lightlake since December 31, 2012. Mr. Wolf resides in Switzerland. During 2008 to 2012, Mr. Wolf managed Vector Assets S.A., an asset management company, which controlled companies in the mining, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, hospitality and real estate industries. Since 2013, Mr. Wolf has been managing GTL Investments Limited, an asset management company, which controls companies in the mining, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, hospitality and real estate industries. He received a business degree from Middlesex University in 1976.

 

Mr. Wolf’s qualifications to serve on Lightlake’s board of directors include his financial and management experience.

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

To the best of Lightlake’s knowledge, none of the Company’s directors or executive officers has, during the past ten years:

 

been convicted in a criminal proceeding or been subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);
had any bankruptcy petition filed by or against the business or property of the person, or of any partnership, corporation or business association of which he was a general partner or executive officer, either at the time of the bankruptcy filing or within two years prior to that time;
been subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction or federal or state authority, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting, his involvement in any type of business, securities, futures, commodities, investment, banking, savings and loan, or insurance activities, or to be associated with persons engaged in any such activity;
been found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action or by the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;
been the subject of, or a party to, any federal or state judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated (not including any settlement of a civil proceeding among private litigants), relating to an alleged violation of any federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation, any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order, or any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or
been the subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Exchange Act), any registered entity (as defined in Section 1(a)(29) of the Commodity Exchange Act), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

 

Except as set forth in Lightlake’s discussion below in “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions,” none of the Company’s directors or executive officers has been involved in any transactions with the Company or any of the Company’s directors, executive officers, affiliates, or associates which are required to be disclosed pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Commission.

 

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Term of Office

 

Lightlake’s directors are appointed for a one-year term to hold office until the next annual general meeting of the Company’s shareholders or until removed from office in accordance with the Company’s bylaws. The Company’s officers are appointed by the Company’s board of directors and hold office until removed by the Company’s board of directors.

 

Code of Ethics

 

Lightlake does not currently have a code of ethics, and because the Company has only limited business operations and only three officers and four directors, the Company believes that a code of ethics would have limited utility.  The Company intends to adopt such a code of ethics as the Company’s business operations expand and the Company has more directors, officers, and employees.

 

Director Independence

 

Pursuant to Rule 5605 of The NASDAQ Stock Market one of the definitions of an independent director is a person other than an executive officer or employee of a company. Lightlake’s board of directors has reviewed the materiality of any relationship that each of the directors has with the Company, either directly or indirectly. Based on this review, the Company’s board of directors has determined that the only independent director is Mr. Geoffrey Wolf.

 

Corporate Governance

 

For reasons similar to those described above, Lightlake does not have a nominating nor audit committee of the board of directors. The Company’s board of directors consists of four directors. The Company receives no revenues. At such time that the Company has a larger board of directors and generates revenue, the Company will propose creating committees of its board of directors, including both a nominating and an audit committee. Accordingly, the Company does not have an audit committee financial expert.

 

Board of Directors and Director Nominees

 

Since Lightlake’s board of Directors has one independent director, the decisions of the board regarding director nominees are made by persons who have an interest in the outcome of the determination. The board will consider candidates for directors proposed by security holders, although no formal procedures for submitting candidates have been adopted. Unless otherwise determined, at any time not less than 10 days prior to the next annual shareholder meeting at which a slate of director nominees is adopted, the board will accept written submissions from proposed nominees that include the name, address, and telephone number of the proposed nominee; a brief statement of the nominee’s qualifications to serve as a director; and a statement as to why the security holder submitting the proposed nominee believes that the nomination would be in the best interests of the Company’s security holders. If the proposed nominee is not the same person as the security holder submitting the name of the nominee, a letter from the nominee agreeing to the submission of his or her name for consideration should be provided at the time of submission. The letter should be accompanied by a résumé supporting the nominee’s qualifications to serve on the board, as well as a list of references.

 

The board identifies director nominees through a combination of referrals from different people, including management, existing board members and security holders. Once a candidate has been identified, the board reviews the individual’s experience and background and may discuss the proposed nominee with the source of the recommendation. If the board believes it to be appropriate, board members may meet with the proposed nominee before making a final determination whether to include the proposed nominee as a member of the slate of director nominees submitted to security holders for election to the board.

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

  

Lightlake does not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act and therefore its directors, executive officers, and any persons holding more than ten percent of the Company’s common stock are not required to comply with Section 16 of the Exchange Act.

 

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Item 11.  Executive Compensation.

 

Summary Compensation Table

 

The following summary compensation table sets forth all compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to the named executive officers paid by Lightlake during the years ended July 31, 2014, and 2013 in all capacities for the accounts of the Company’s executives, including the Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and Chief Financial Officer.  

 

Name and
principal
position
  Year  Salary($)(1)   Bonus($)   Stock
Award(s)($)
   Option
awards
($)(2)
   All Other
Compensation($)
   Total
($)
 
                            
Dr. Roger Crystal  2014   402,083    50,000    -0-    4,961,650    -0-    5,413,733 
CEO  2013   206,250    -0-    -0-    916,500    -0-    1,122,750 
Kevin Pollack,  2014   366,667    40,000    -0-    4,311,650    -0-    4,718,317 
CFO  2013   150,260    -0-    -0-    1,318,500    -0-    1,468,760 
Dr. Michael Sinclair  2014   314,583    10,000    -0-    3,030,050    -0-    3,354,633 
Chairman  2013   193,750    -0-    -0-    2,418,500    -0-    2,612,250 

 

(1)During the fiscal year ended July 31, 2014, only the following amounts of salary were actually paid: $120,844 to Dr. Roger Crystal, $108,522 to Kevin Pollack, and $75,522 to Dr. Michael Sinclair. The remaining amounts have been accrued and are owed.

 

(2)The following restrictions apply to the aforementioned options: 35,000,000, 35,000,000, and 25,000,000 of the options awarded to Dr. Roger Crystal, Kevin Pollack, and Dr. Michael Sinclair, respectively, may only be exercised between the following dates: (i) the first to occur of: (A) the commencement of the next trial with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; (B) the entrance into a distribution, licensing, royalty, partnership, collaboration, or other significant transaction with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; or (C) the filing of a New Drug Application with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; and (ii) the Expiration Date.

 

Director Compensation

 

The following table provides information for 2014 regarding all compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to each person who served as a non-employee director during the fiscal year ended July 31, 2014. With respect to the fiscal year ended July 31, 2014, other than as set forth in the table, Lightlake has not paid any fees to or, except for reasonable expenses for attending board and committee meetings, reimbursed any expenses of directors, made any equity or non-equity awards to directors, or paid any other compensation to directors.

 

Name  Fees
Earned
or Paid
in
Cash
($)
   Stock
Awards
($)
   Option
Awards
($)(1)
   Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)
   Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
($)
   All Other
Compensation
($)
   Total
($)
 
Geoffrey Wolf   -0-    -0-   $716,250    -0-    -0-    -0-   $716,250 

 

(1)The following restrictions apply to the aforementioned options: the options awarded to Geoffrey Wolf may only be exercised between the following dates: (i) the first to occur of: (A) the commencement of the next trial with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; (B) the entrance into a distribution, licensing, royalty, partnership, collaboration, or other significant transaction with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; or (C) the filing of a New Drug Application with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration with respect to the opioid overdose reversal treatment; and (ii) the Expiration Date.

 

Employment Agreements

 

Employment Agreements

 

As previously disclosed in Lightlake’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 25, 2014 with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Employment Agreements 8-K”), on December 31, 2013, the Company amended its employment agreements with Dr. Michael Sinclair, the Company’s Executive Chairman (the “Sinclair Amendment”), Dr. Roger Crystal, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer (the “Crystal Amendment”), and Mr. Kevin Pollack, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer (the “Pollack Amendment”).

 

The Sinclair Amendment

 

The Sinclair Amendment amends the amended employment agreement between the Company and Dr. Sinclair dated December 31, 2012. The Sinclair Amendment extends the term of Dr. Sinclair’s employment until December 31, 2015.

 

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From January 1, 2014 until December 31, 2014, Dr. Sinclair will receive a base salary of $325,000, subject to adjustment in accordance with the Sinclair Amendment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, Dr. Sinclair shall not actually receive more than $175,000 of the total cash compensation earned by Dr. Sinclair between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014 unless either: (a) there is a Change in Control (as defined in the Sinclair Amendment); (b) a termination event as set forth in Paragraph 7 of the Sinclair Amendment; or (c) a majority of the board of directors approves the receipt of cash compensation by Dr. Sinclair from the Company in excess of $175,000 between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, in which case a majority of the board of directors shall determine the amount of such payment of cash compensation by the Company to Dr. Sinclair, but in no event shall such amount be in excess of the total amounts owed by the Company to Dr. Sinclair at such time. All amounts earned by Dr. Sinclair between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014 in excess of the amounts actually paid to Dr. Sinclair shall accrue and be owed by the Company to Dr. Sinclair. From January 1, 2015 until December 31, 2015, Dr. Sinclair will receive a base salary of $350,000. Throughout the term of the Sinclair Amendment Dr. Sinclair will have certain incentive bonus opportunities pursuant to certain objectives as outlined in the Sinclair Amendment. Moreover, the Company agreed to grant upon execution of the Sinclair Amendment 7,500,000 stock options exercisable at $0.06 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date, 3,000,000 stock options exercisable at $0.08 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date and 3,000,000 stock options exercisable at $0.10 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date. The Sinclair Amendment also provides for the Company to issue each year additional stock options of no less than three percent (3%) of the amount of shares issued and outstanding on a fully diluted basis as of December 15, 2014 and 2015.

 

The Crystal Amendment

 

The Crystal Amendment amends the amended employment agreement between the Company and Dr. Crystal dated December 31, 2012. The Crystal Amendment extends the term of Dr. Crystal’s employment until December 31, 2015.

 

From January 1, 2014 until December 31, 2014, Dr. Crystal will receive a base salary of $475,000, subject to adjustment in accordance with the Crystal Amendment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, Dr. Crystal shall not actually receive more than $330,000 of the total cash compensation earned by Dr. Crystal between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014 unless either: (a) there is a Change in Control (as defined in the Crystal Amendment); (b) a termination event as set forth in Paragraph 7 of the Crystal Amendment; or (c) a majority of the board of directors approves the receipt of cash compensation by Dr. Crystal from the Company in excess of $330,000 between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, in which case a majority of the board of directors shall determine the amount of such payment of cash compensation by the Company to Dr. Crystal, but in no event shall such amount be in excess of the total amounts owed by the Company to Dr. Crystal at such time. All amounts earned by Dr. Crystal between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014 in excess of the amounts actually paid to Dr. Crystal shall accrue and be owed by the Company to Dr. Crystal. Between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, the Company shall pay Dr. Crystal no less than $330,000 of the total cash compensation earned by Dr. Crystal between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014. From January 1, 2015 until December 31, 2015, Dr. Crystal will receive a base salary of $593,750. Throughout the term of the Crystal Amendment Dr. Crystal will have certain incentive bonus opportunities pursuant to certain objectives as outlined in the Crystal Amendment. Moreover, the Company agreed to grant upon execution of the Crystal Amendment 7,500,000 stock options exercisable at $0.06 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date, 10,000,000 stock options exercisable at $0.08 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date and 10,000,000 stock options exercisable at $0.10 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date. The Crystal Amendment also provides for the Company to issue each year additional stock options of no less than six percent (6%) of the amount of shares issued and outstanding on a fully diluted basis as of December 15, 2014 and 2015.

 

The Pollack Amendment

 

The Pollack Amendment amends the amended employment agreement between the Company and Mr. Pollack dated December 31, 2012. The Pollack Amendment extends the term of Mr. Pollack’s employment until December 31, 2015.

 

From January 1, 2014 until December 31, 2014, Mr. Pollack will receive a base salary of $450,000, subject to adjustment in accordance with the Pollack Amendment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, Mr. Pollack shall not actually receive more than $300,000 of the total cash compensation earned by Mr. Pollack between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014 unless either: (a) there is a Change in Control (as defined in the Pollack Amendment); (b) a termination event as set forth in Paragraph 7 of the Pollack Amendment; or (c) a majority of the board of directors approves the receipt of cash compensation by Mr. Pollack from the Company in excess of $300,000 between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, in which case a majority of the board of directors shall determine the amount of such payment of cash compensation by the Company to Mr. Pollack, but in no event shall such amount be in excess of the total amounts owed by the Company to Mr. Pollack at such time. All amounts earned by Mr. Pollack between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014 in excess of the amounts actually paid to Mr. Pollack shall accrue and be owed by the Company to Mr. Pollack. Between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, the Company shall pay Mr. Pollack no less than $300,000 of the total cash compensation earned by Mr. Pollack between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014. From January 1, 2015 until December 31, 2015, Mr. Pollack will receive a base salary of $562,500. Throughout the term of the Pollack Amendment Mr. Pollack will have certain incentive bonus opportunities pursuant to certain objectives as outlined in the Pollack Amendment. Moreover, the Company agreed to grant upon execution of the Pollack Amendment 7,500,000 stock options exercisable at $0.06 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date, 9,000,000 stock options exercisable at $0.08 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date and 9,000,000 stock options exercisable at $0.10 per share which expire ten years from the options grant date. The Pollack Amendment also provides for the Company to issue each year additional stock options of no less than six percent (6%) of the amount of shares issued and outstanding on a fully diluted basis as of December 15, 2014 and 2015.

 

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The foregoing descriptions of the Sinclair Amendment, Crystal Amendment, and Pollack Amendment  (collectively, the “Amendments”) are qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Amendments, copies of which were filed as Exhibit 10.1, Exhibit 10.2, and Exhibit 10.3, respectively, to the Employment Agreements 8-K and is incorporated by reference herein.

 

Lightlake has an agreement with Geoffrey Wolf, a director of the Company, which provides for the grant of 3,500,000 stock options exercisable at $0.15 per share which terminate five years from their grant date. The director agreement also provides warrants to purchase 34,500,000 shares of common stock exercisable at $0.15 per share with a 5 year termination date. All of the options and warrants may only be exercised between the following dates: (i) the date on which the Company’s price per share has traded at or above US$0.30 for at least three (3) trading days out of any ten (10) consecutive trading days; and (ii) five years from the grant date. The director agreement has a one-year term limit and can be renewed by mutual agreement.

 

Item 12.  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

The following table sets forth certain information regarding Lightlake’s shares of common stock beneficially owned as of October 23, 2014, for (i) each stockholder known to be the beneficial owner of 5% or more of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock, (ii) each named executive officer and director, and (iii) all executive officers and directors as a group. A person is considered to beneficially own any shares: (i) over which such person, directly or indirectly, exercises sole or shared voting or investment power, or (ii) of which such person has the right to acquire beneficial ownership at any time within 60 days through an exercise of stock options or warrants. Unless otherwise indicated, voting and investment power relating to the shares shown in the table for the Company’s directors and executive officers is exercised solely by the beneficial owner or shared by the owner and the owner’s spouse or children.

 

For purposes of this table, a person or group of persons is deemed to have “beneficial ownership” of any shares of common stock that such person has the right to acquire within 60 days of October 23, 2014. For purposes of computing the percentage of outstanding shares of Lightlake’s common stock held by each person or group of persons named above, any shares that such person or persons has the right to acquire within 60 days of October 23, 2014 is deemed to be outstanding, but is not deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. The inclusion herein of any shares listed as beneficially owned does not constitute an admission of beneficial ownership.  Unless otherwise specified, the address of each of the persons set forth below is care of the company at the address of: 96-98 Baker Street, First Floor, , London, England W1U 6TJ. 

 

The following table sets forth information on the ownership of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc. voting securities by officers, directors, and major shareholders as well as those who own beneficially more than five percent of Lightlake’s common stock as of the date of this report:

 

Name of Beneficial Owner and Address  Amount and
Nature of
Beneficial
Ownership of
Common
Stock
   Percent
of
Common
Stock (1)
 
5% Shareholders          
 None.   -    -%
Directors and
Executive Officers
          
Kevin Pollack   108,000,000(2)   

37.55

%
Dr. Roger Crystal   108,750,000(3)   37.78%
Dr. Michael Sinclair   

109,522,000

(4)   

38.65

%
Geoffrey Wolf   69,080,000(5)   28.33%
All directors and officers as a group (4 people)   

395,352,000

(6)   

70.12

%

 

(1)

As of October 23, 2014, there were 179,608,675 shares issued and outstanding. Shares of common stock subject to options or warrants currently exercisable or expected to be exercisable with the passage of time, are deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage of the person holding such options or warrants, but are not deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage of any other person.

 

(2)This amount includes: (1) 5,500,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants and (2) 102,500,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of stock options.

 

(3)This amount includes: (1) 4,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants and (2) 104,250,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of stock options.

 

  (4) This amount includes: (1) 28,500,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants; (2) 75,250,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options; (3) 1,200,000 shares owned in total by two different pension funds for the benefit of Dr. Sinclair’s family for each of which Dr. Sinclair serves as one of  three trustees; and (4) 500,000 shares owned by Proton Therapy USA which is an entity jointly owned by Dr. Sinclair and his son.

 

41
 

 

(5)This amount includes: (1) 34,500,000 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants and (2) 16,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options. 13,700,000 shares are issuable upon the exercise of warrants held by GTL Investments Limited, of which Geoffrey Wolf is an asset manager.

 

(6)This amount includes an aggregate of 86,200,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants and 298,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options.

 

Item 13.  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

The following are the related party transactions in which Lightlake has engaged since August 1, 2013:

   

Lightlake uses office space provided by an officer of the Company free of charge.

 

At July 31, 2014, Lightlake had loans outstanding with its three officers and a director in the amount of $350,000.

 

In December, 2012, the Company borrowed $350,000 from two of its officers and an outside director. These notes accrue interest at 6.0% per year and were due December, 2013. These notes were amended on December 16, 2013 to extend the final maturity date to January 6, 2015 and increased the interest rate to 8.5% per annum.  In the event that at least one-third and one-ninth of the amount due plus interest is not repaid by September 30, 2014 and December 25, 2014, respectively, certain penalties will apply.

 

Director Independence

 

Because Lightlake’s common stock is not currently listed on a national securities exchange, the Company has used the definition of “independence” of The NASDAQ Stock Market to make this determination.  NASDAQ Listing Rule 5605(a)(2) provides that an “independent director” is a person other than an officer or employee of the company or any other individual having a relationship which, in the opinion of the Company’s board of directors, would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director.  The NASDAQ listing rules provide that a director cannot be considered independent if:

 

the director is, or at any time during the past three years was, an employee of the company;

 

the director or a family member of the director accepted any compensation from the company in excess of $120,000 during any period of 12 consecutive months within the three years preceding the independence determination (subject to certain exclusions, including, among other things, compensation for board or board committee service);

 

a family member of the director is, or at any time during the past three years was, an executive officer of the company;

 

the director or a family member of the director is a partner in, controlling stockholder of, or an executive officer of an entity to which the company made, or from which the company received, payments in the current or any of the past three fiscal years that exceed 5% of the recipient’s consolidated gross revenue for that year or $200,000, whichever is greater (subject to certain exclusions);

 

the director or a family member of the director is employed as an executive officer of an entity where, at any time during the past three years, any of the executive officers of the company served on the compensation committee of such other entity; or

 

the director or a family member of the director is a current partner of the company’s outside auditor, or at any time during the past three years was a partner or employee of the company’s outside auditor, and who worked on the company’s audit.

 

Based on the rule listed above, Lightlake’s board of directors determined that the Company’s only independent director is Mr. Geoffrey Wolf.

 

Lightlake does not currently have a separately designated audit, nominating, or compensation committee.

  

Item 14.  Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

 

The total fees charged to Lightlake for audit services were $25,000, for audit-related services were $12,500, for tax services were $3,000 and for other services were $31,549 during the year ended July 31, 2014.

 

The total fees charged to Lightlake for audit services were $10,000, for audit-related services were $6,000, for tax services were $0, and for other services were $0 during the year ended July 31, 2013. 

 

We do not have an audit committee. Our entire board of directors pre-approves all services provided by our independent auditors.

 

42
 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15.  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

The following exhibits are included with this filing:

 

 

Exhibit

Number

  Description
       
  3(i)   Articles of Incorporation
  3(ii)   Bylaws
  10.4(iii)   Pelikin Agreement
  10.5(iii)   Sinclair Agreement
  10.6(iii)   US Patent Application
 

10.7(iii)

10.8(iv)

10.9(iv)

10.10(iv)

10.11(iv)

10.12(v)

10.13(v)

10.14(v)

 

European Patent

Sinclair Employment Agreement

Crystal Employment Agreement

Pollack Employment Agreement

Wolf Agreement

Sinclair Amendment

Crystal Amendment

Pollack Amendment

  31.1*   CEO CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14 OR 15D-14
  31.2*   CFO CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14 OR 15D-14
  32.1*   CEO CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350
  32.2*   CFO CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350
  101.1NS   XBRL Instance Document 
  101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document 
  101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document 
  101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document 
  101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document 
  101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definitions Linkbase Document

  

 

 

(i)Incorporated by reference to Lightlake’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed 9/04/14
(ii)Incorporated by reference to Lightlake’s SB-2 Registration Statement filed 1/11/07.
(iii)Incorporated by reference to Lightlake’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed 10/15/09.
(iv)Incorporated by reference to Lightlake’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed 10/29/13.
  (v) Incorporated by reference to Lightlake’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed 2/25/14.

 

* Filed herewith except that in accordance with SEC Release 33-8238, Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 are being furnished and not filed.

 

43
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

/s/ Kevin A. Pollack   October 27, 2014  
Kevin A. Pollack, Chief Financial Officer   Date  

 

In accordance with the Exchange Act, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities indicated on October 27, 2014.

 

By: /s/ Dr .Roger Crystal   Director & Chief Executive Officer
  Dr. Roger Crystal   (Principal Executive Officer)
       
By: /s/ Kevin A. Pollack   Director & Chief Financial Officer
  Kevin A. Pollack   (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

By: /s/ Dr. Michael Sinclair   Director
  Dr. Michael Sinclair    

 

 

44

 

 

EXHIBIT 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14 OR 15D-14 OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302

OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Dr. Roger Crystal, Chief Executive Officer of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc., certify that:

 

1.   I have reviewed this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.;

 

2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.   The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over  financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to me by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c)Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.   The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: October 27, 2014

  By: /s/ Dr. Roger Crystal  
  Dr. Roger Crystal  
  Chief Executive Officer  

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 31.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14 OR 15D-14 OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302

OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Kevin Pollack, Chief Financial Officer of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc., certify that:

 

1.   I have reviewed this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc.;

 

2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.   The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over  financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

e)Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to me by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
f)Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

g)Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
h)Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.   The registrant's other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

c)All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
d)Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: October 27, 2014                                 

 

  By: /s/ Kevin A. Pollack  
  Kevin A. Pollack  
  Chief Financial Officer  

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc. (the “Company") for the year ended July 31, 2014, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the "Report"), Dr. Roger Crystal, as Chief Executive Officer of the Company, hereby certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. ss.1350, as adopted pursuant to ss.906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

(1)  The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2)  The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: October 27, 2014

  By: /s/ Dr. Roger Crystal  
  Dr. Roger Crystal  
  Chief Executive Officer  

 

This certification accompanies each Report pursuant to ss. 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and shall not, except to the extent required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, be deemed filed by the Company for purposes of ss.18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT 32.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Lightlake Therapeutics Inc. (the “Company") for the year ended July 31, 2014, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the "Report"), Kevin Pollack as Chief Financial Officer of the Company, hereby certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. ss.1350, as adopted pursuant to ss.906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

(1)  The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2)  The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: October 27, 2014                                 

 

  By: /s/ Kevin A. Pollack  
  Kevin A. Pollack  
  Chief Financial Officer  

 

This certification accompanies each Report pursuant to ss. 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and shall not, except to the extent required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, be deemed filed by the Company for purposes of ss.18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.